Actualizado: 28 mar
Guelaguetza is a famous cultural festival that takes place in the city of Oaxaca, Mexico. This festival celebrates the diverse culture and heritage of the state of Oaxaca, and has become one of the most important cultural events in Mexico. Guelaguetza is held annually in the last two Mondays of July, and attracts visitors from all over the world.
The origins of Guelaguetza can be traced back to pre-Hispanic times, when the indigenous Zapotec and Mixtec communities would gather to celebrate the harvest season. The festival was later adopted by the Spanish colonizers and became a celebration of the Christian feast of Our Lady of Mount Carmel. Today, Guelaguetza is a blend of indigenous and Christian traditions, and serves as a showcase of Oaxacan culture.
One of the main events of Guelaguetza is the dance performances, which feature traditional costumes and music. The dancers perform in groups, each representing a different region of the state of Oaxaca. Some of the most popular dances include the Jarabe Mixteco, the Danza de la Pluma, and the Danzón de la Costa. The dances are accompanied by live music played on traditional instruments such as the marimba, the jarana, and the zapateado.
Another important aspect of Guelaguetza is the food. Oaxaca is known for its rich culinary tradition, and the festival offers visitors the opportunity to taste a wide variety of traditional dishes. Some of the most popular foods include tamales, mole, and chapulines (fried grasshoppers).
Guelaguetza is also a great place to buy traditional handicrafts such as pottery, textiles, and woodcarvings. Local artisans set up booths throughout the city during the festival, offering visitors the chance to buy unique and authentic souvenirs.
Overall, Guelaguetza is a celebration of Oaxacan culture and a testament to the resilience of indigenous traditions. It has become an important cultural event not only for Oaxaca, but for all of Mexico. If you are planning a trip to Mexico, consider visiting Oaxaca in July to experience the magic of Guelaguetza for yourself.